Endodontics, often known as root canal therapy, is a dental technique used to treat infections inside the teeth. A tooth that might otherwise need to be totally extracted can be saved using root canal therapy, which is not painful.
WHY IS IT REQUIRED?
Bacteria from the mouth enter the tooth’s root canal, where they infect it and create an infection. This may occur following:
Tooth injuries brought on by trauma, such as a fall, leaky fillings, or decay
Structure of the tooth
Two components make up a tooth. The top of the tooth that is visible in the mouth is called the crown. The tooth is anchored in place by the root, which extends into the jaw bone.
- Enamel, which is the tooth’s hard outer layer, is another component.
- The majority of a tooth is made of the softer substance dentine, which supports the enamel.
- Cementum is a dense substance that covers the surface of the root.
- The soft tissue in the center of the tooth known as dental pulp
From the tooth’s crown to the tip of the root, the root canal system contains the dental pulp.
More than one root canal may be present in a single tooth.
When a root canal treatment needs to be performed
When dental X-rays reveal that the pulp has been harmed by a bacterial infection, root canal treatment is required.
If the pulp has a bacterial infection, the inflammation may cause the germs to grow and spread.
The following are signs of a pulp infection:
- Discomfort while consuming hot or cold food or beverages
- Discomfort when biting or chewing
- A loose tooth
These signs generally go away as the pulp dies when the Root canal infection worsens.
The infection then seems to have disappeared from your tooth, but it has really moved to the root canal system.
Later, you develop other symptoms like:
- Returning discomfort when biting or chewing
- Gum swelling close to the troubled tooth
- Pus dripping from the broken teeth
- A swelling jaw or cheek
- Turning off the tooth’s color darker
How to perform a root canal treatment
The germs must be eliminated in order to treat the root canal infection.
You can accomplish this by either:
- Root canal therapy- Eliminating microorganisms from the root canal system
- extraction, the removal of the tooth
However, keeping as many of your natural teeth as possible is preferable to having the tooth out.
You will often receive a local anesthetic before receiving root canal therapy. This means that it should not hurt and shouldn’t be any worse than getting a filling. The root canal is completed and the tooth is sealed with a filling or crown after the bacteria have been eliminated. The inflammatory tissue close to the tooth will often recover normally. In most cases, root canal therapy is effective. A tooth can survive a root canal procedure in roughly 9 out of 10 instances and can last up to 10 years. In most cases, root canal therapy is effective. A tooth can survive a root canal
Recuperating from a root canal treatment
When your teeth are healing from root canal therapy, it’s crucial to take good care of them.
Until your therapy is finished, you should refrain from chewing on hard items.
Your restored tooth should no longer hurt after your last procedure, however, it might feel sore for a few days.
Retreatment of the dentition
Even teeth that have had root canal treatment can last a lifetime with the right care.
However, occasionally a tooth that has undergone treatment does not heal completely and can develop pain or disease months or even years after the procedure.
The patient has a second opportunity if a tooth doesn’t recover properly or experiences new issues. The tooth may be saved and the healing process is supported by an extra operation. The patient should discuss retreatment with the dentist if they are experiencing pain or discomfort in a tooth that has already received treatment.
A tooth may not heal as anticipated following initial treatment for a variety of reasons, as is occasionally the case with any dental or medical procedure:
- The initial method did not include any treatment for narrow or bent canals.
- The initial method failed to detect complex canal architecture.
- After the endodontic procedure, the placement of the crown or other repairs was postponed.
- Salivary contamination of the tooth’s interior was not prevented by the restoration.
In other circumstances, a tooth that was successfully repaired may be in danger due to a new issue. For instance:
- A fresh Root canal infection in the tooth might result from new decay that exposes the root canal filling to microorganisms.
- A tooth may become infected again if a crown or filling is missing, fractured, or loose.
- There is a fracture in a tooth.