Gynecological surgery encompasses any surgical treatment involving the uterus, ovaries, cervix, fallopian tubes, and other female pelvic organs and structures, including the vagina and vulva. There are numerous causes for a woman to require gynecological surgery. If she has endometriosis, fibroids (benign tumors), ovarian cysts, malignancy, or chronic pelvic pain, she might need medical care if she has pelvic inflammatory disease, uterine prolapse, or unusual bleeding. Gyn surgery can also help with permanent birth control.
A woman may require an OB-GYN to perform surgery at various points in her life and for a variety of reasons. A younger woman might require the removal of ovarian cysts or fibroids in order to become pregnant. A hysterectomy may be necessary for an elderly lady. Surgical intervention can treat both endometriosis-related pelvic pain and irregular uterine bleeding. Additionally, doctors often perform Gyn surgery to terminate a failed pregnancy or prevent future pregnancies. Another frequent justification for surgery is gynecological cancer.
Options for gyn surgery include:
- Dilation and Curratage
- Ablating the endometrium
- Procedure for loop electrosurgical excision (LEEP)
- Gyn surgery that is only minimally invasive
- Reconstruction of the pelvic floor
- Thoracic ligation
- Stenting of the uterine artery
What Advantages Do Minimally Invasive Gynecologic Procedures Offer?
You can avoid a significant abdominal incision with minimally invasive gynecological surgery. Our surgeons use a number of tiny incisions during treatments. Usually, each incision is less than an inch long.
You gain from:
- Quicker restoration of normalcy
- Less pain following surgery
- Reduced danger of complications and infections
- Hardly any scarring
- Less bleeding during surgery
- Reduction in hospital stay
Ongoing gynecological surgery procedures
- Cryosurgery for the Cervix
Occasionally, during a routine Pap test (a cervical cancer screening), abnormal cervical cells are found. Although abnormal cells don’t necessarily mean cancer, you will probably want to perform some additional tests or procedures.
A healthcare professional might suggest you undergo cervical cryosurgery, commonly known as cryotherapy. In this highly effective gynecological treatment, the medical professional freezes a portion of the cervix.
Precancerous cells are abnormal cervical cells that have alterations that suggest they may develop into cancer. In order to prevent these cells from turning cancerous, cryosurgery eliminates them.
Cervical dysplasia is the word a gynecologist might use to describe this disorder.
A colposcopy, a non-surgical diagnostic procedure, can more fully examine the cervix, vagina, and vulva. Occasionally, healthcare providers use a Pap smear that is abnormal when a person has one.
A healthcare professional performs the operation while using a colposcope, a magnifying device. During this process, if anything seems off, they may take a sample and send it to the lab for analysis.
Curettage and Dilation (D&C)
One of the most frequent gynecological surgery treatments is the dilation and curettage (D&C) operation. During this treatment, a medical professional uses a suction device or a sharp curette, a surgical tool used for scraping, to remove a part of your uterine lining.
The procedure can identify the following uterine conditions:
- Uterine cancer
- Uterine polyps (excessive development of uterine lining tissue)
- Endometrial hyperplasia, a thick uterine lining condition
Medical experts may do a hysteroscopy to identify or address uterine issues. This process could be applied to:
- Get rid of the scar tissue adhesions.
- The location of an IUD
- Determine the reason for the recurrent miscarriages
A medical expert uses a narrow, illuminated telescope-like instrument called a hysteroscope to enter your uterus through the vagina during this procedure. It then transmits images of your uterus to a screen for additional analysis.
A healthcare professional might advise a loop electrosurgical excision technique (LEEP) if a PAP smear reveals abnormal cells on the surface of the cervix.
The procedure entails using a thin, electrically charged wire loop to cut away the abnormal tissue. The quick operation is done in the office of a doctor while being given local anesthesia.
Laparoscopic surgery of the uterus
A Gyn surgery technique called a laparoscopy is typically done while the patient is unconscious.
It can, however, be done while you’re awake and under different forms of anesthesia. It’s employed for:
- The fallopian tubes are tied during tubal ligation to provide permanent birth control.
- Removing the gallbladder
- Hernia surgery
- Treating uterine fibroids and endometriosis
A modest (1/2 to 3/4 inch) incision is made in the belly button or lower abdomen for a standard pelvic laparoscopy. After that, a surgeon will inject carbon dioxide into your belly to make it easier to observe your internal organs.
In accordance with your health, they might also
- Collect tissue samples
- Delete any scarring
- Fix your uterus.
- Take your ovaries out.